Luiz Inácio Lula de Silva’s narrow victory over incumbent Jair Bolsonaro in Brazil’s recent presidential election has reinvigorated the Latin American left. Despite recent setbacks in Peru and Argentina, left-wing governments in the region rule at the highest rate in over two decades, in what has come to be known as the second “pink tide.”
A resurgence of the far-left surge of the late 1990s, newly-elected leaders across the region have prioritized environmental issues, blaming neoliberal policies for fueling the climate crisis and contributing to worsening inequality.
After victories in the five largest economies in Latin America, the left-wing governments have the chance to enact meaningful forestry, agricultural, and energy reforms over the course of next year and beyond. Here’s a look at their plans, and the challenges they face.