Sophia is the campaign leader and supply chain investigator at the international NGO Global Witness. Her research focuses on the relationship between natural resource production and trade, and conflict, corruption and human rights abuses across the globe. Sophia has spent almost a decade working with civil society, governments and industry in the Great Lakes region of Africa, as well as globally, to develop and oversee responsible implementation of supply chain due diligence standards for companies that buy and trade minerals. She does regular research along mineral supply chains, including fieldwork in mining areas. She has worked in, and covered, the Democratic Republic Congo since 2005. Sophia has an MA in African Studies from the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) and a BA(hons) from Durham University. She is currently completing an MSc in Sustainable Food and Natural Resources at the Centre for Alternative Technology (CAT) in Wales.
There are more than 800 ongoing conflicts involving the extractive industries (mining, gas and oil) and communities impacted by extractive activity. Most of these conflicts are in the developing countries