The New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants states that “migration should be a choice, not a necessity”. However, there are countless groups of forced and involuntary migrants, including refugees, stateless persons, people who are trafficked and those internally displaced by disasters and conflict. During recent years, a new category of involuntary migrants is emerging: ‘environmentally displaced people’. These are people forced to migrate because natural disasters or degradation of environmental resources resulting from climate change have rendered their livelihoods unsustainable.

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